WORDS GEORGEN THYE
Consultant Dietitian and Coach
Founder of Georgen Cooking
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Milk comes in various forms, and it’s important to know the differences, including how they’re processed in the factory, and their nutrition content. Let’s break down the variations:
Ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk is heat-treated to extend shelf life.
It undergoes pasteurization at an ultra-high temperature, a process to kill harmful bacteria, and is packed in a sterile environment.
It’s convenient and doesn’t require refrigeration until opened.
However, some nutrients may be reduced during the manufacturing process.
FULL CREAM MILK
This milk contains the highest fat content, approximately 3.25–3.5% fat, giving it a rich, creamy flavour.
It also goes through pasteurization and is homogenized to ensure an even distribution of fat.
LOW FAT MILK
Low fat milk first undergoes pasteurization, similar to full cream milk.
Then, it undergoes a skimming process to remove much of the fat, reducing its overall fat content to around 1–2%.
It’s still homogenized, ensuring a consistent texture while providing essential nutrients with reduced fat.
Straight from the farm to your fridge, fresh milk is minimally processed to preserve its natural flavour and nutrients.
It typically undergoes pasteurization but minimal homogenization, keeping it close to its farm-fresh state and containing around 3.25–3.5% fat.
Whether it’s chocolate or strawberry, flavoured milk adds a tasty spin to regular milk.
However, be cautious of added sugars, which can increase calorie levels.
Choose options with lower sugar content and enjoy in moderation.
Note that despite its sweetness, flavored milk still provides essential nutrients like calcium and protein.
WHICH MILK IS RIGHT FOR YOU?
Your milk choice depends on your goals and taste.
Low-fat is great for reducing fat and sugar.
Fresh milk is minimally processed and ideal for those who love its natural taste.
Enjoy flavoured milk in moderation, choosing lower-sugar options.
Regardless of your pick, milk is rich in vital nutrients like calcium and protein for good health so enjoy!