WORDS DR DAVID TEO
DR DAVID TEO
Regional Medical Director
Ramadan is a very significant and special observation that is shared by many Malaysians every year, which is why we created our top five tips to hopefully help make it easier for those observing the fast.
For many, the long hours of fasting can lead to dehydration, fatigue, low blood sugar, and headaches, especially if not enough water and nutritious food are consumed during the non-fasting hours. Therefore, it is essential for those fasting to ensure adequate hydration and a balanced diet during Sahur and Iftar.
Individuals suffering from chronic illnesses should consult their doctors on how to manage regular medication and to ensure it is safe for them to fast. People who are COVID-19 positive or have any symptoms of COVID-19 should consider staying at home and avoid contact with other people to prevent the risk of transmission. As COVID-19 continues to evolve around the world, it is important for Malaysians to be mindful when gathering and take measures to ensure a safe experience during Ramadan when with family, friends and co-workers.
We would also like to wish everyone a blessed and safe Ramadan month!
DO NOT SKIMP ON REST AND SLEEP
Ramadan is a time of increased prayer. Though it may be tempting to stay up late for sahur and only sleep after imsak, you should still aim to get at least 8 hours of sleep daily even if this is accumulated over several separate periods of rest.
A well-rested body and mind will make it easier for you to concentrate at work and have more energy throughout the day.
STAGGER YOUR HYDRATION
Thirst can be one of the most challenging symptoms of fasting, leading us to drink plenty of water and liquids very fast as soon as we break our fast and then just before Imsak. However, rehydration should be a cumulative process.
The best way to rehydrate fasting bodies and maintain this hydration for longer is to pace your liquid intake by consuming at least 2 litres of water—1 or 2 glasses at a time—between iftar and imsak.
It also helps to cut down on caffeinated drinks at night, and to top up your liquid intake with soups, fruits and vegetables rich in water, such as cucumbers and watermelon.
EAT HEALTHY & NUTRITIOUS MEALS
Fasting will cause a change of habit in eating and your food intake frequency.
Hence, it is vital to fulfil your vitamin and mineral needs and to be mindful of your salt and sugar intake.
After a full day of fasting, avoid satisfying cravings with soda and energy drinks which are high in sugar. Instead, opt for unprocessed foods such as fruits, and consume complex carbohydrates such as rice, bread and wholegrains alongside vegetables, which will keep you fuller for longer.
As for salt intake, it is worth keeping in mind that having moderately savoury foods with water can help you retain some hydration for longer.
Avoid consuming too much salt as this can affect blood pressure and contribute to thirst and dehydration during the day.
DO MORE IN THE MORNING
Wherever possible, schedule more difficult tasks requiring greater concentration or physical effort in the morning.
Schedule important meetings during the first half of the day, when your energy levels will be higher and you are better able to retain new information.
DON’T STOP EXERCISING
Although you may feel more tired and, understandably, less active while fasting, skipping regular exercise for a full month is unhealthy, particularly as most of your food intake will be consumed at night.
Moderate exercise is advisable and will also help you feel less sluggish.
Just remember to wait a couple of hours after iftar before doing an activity.